How to Write a Summary of an Article? Ap World History Compare and Contrast During the post-classical time period, both the Umayyad and Mongol empires rose to the height of their power through many similarities and differences. For example, both dynasties expanded by militaristic advances, but a single man was responsible for the rise of the Mongols and they also supported all faiths unlike the Umayyad. The Mongol founder, Genghis Khan, conquered surrounding nomadic tribes and brought them under his rule through extensive military conquest.
Background[ edit ] In Paul Ratchnevsky wrote about the Khan's knack for forging alliances, his fairness in dividing the spoils, and his patronage of the sciences. Howorth have argued that the Mongol empire contributed to opening up intellectual interactions between China, the Middle East, and Europe.
The Mongols practiced killing the ruling classes in order to subdue the general population, a technique used by other cultures as well. Survivors of the upper classes wrote the histories and expressed resentment of Mongol brutality toward them.
Weatherford explores the Mongol treatment of the general population peasants, tradesmen, merchants under Mongol rule. He suggests their rule was less burdensome than that of European nobility due to lighter taxes, tolerance of local customs and religions, more rational administration, and universal education for boys.
These benefits were enjoyed only by populations who surrendered immediately to the Mongol invaders. These massacres were a method of psychological warfare to alert those populations not yet conquered.
The resulting terror helped color the historical portrayal of the Mongols. Since the Mongols were nomadic horsemen of the steppes, they were dependent on taxes from the subjugated peoples for wealth and luxury goods.
Weatherford's book claims that the Mongols sought to increase that wealth by encouraging their subjects to be more productive and enterprising instead of increasing the tax burden on them.
They did this by sponsoring lucrative international trade. He says that they encouraged scientific advances, and improved agriculture and production methods. Many innovations came from the combination of technologies from different cultures within their huge empire.
Legacy[ edit ] Weatherford explores Genghis Khan's legacy and influence; he attributes many aspects of the Renaissancesuch as the spread of paper and printingthe compassgunpowder and musical instruments such as the violinto the influence of trade enabled by Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire.
Weatherford suggests that the European Renaissance was a rebirth, not of Greece or Rome, but of concepts from the Mongol Empire. He notes the following: Francis was depicted in Mongol dress - "literally wrapped in silk".
Also, in a illustration of the Robe of Christ in Paduathe golden trim was painted in Mongol letters from the square Phagspa script commissioned by Khublai Khan p. Suggests that some of Kublai Khan 's reforms in China, which localized power and gave political strength to individual farms, was the first democratic experience in China.
It was revived only when the Republicans and Communists began to reintroduce local government. The author also suggests that the tribal government of the Mongols had many democratic elements. He refers to Mongol leaders being selected by council khuriltai as "elections", although, these like the Athenian or Roman versions or early United States election of senators by state legislaturesmay be more properly called election by an elite an oligarchy.In contrast, after the Roman Empire, there has been no real emperor in Europe, who is remotely as grandiose as a Chinese Emperor (Lists of emperors).
Instead, Europe has been having mostly kings or . Example Direct Comparison: While both the Roman and Han (or Gupta) Empires left behind many achievements, the Han (or Gupta) were much more technologically and culturally creative.
Evidence: – The Romans took much of their culture from the Greeks, such as their religion, artwork and architecture.
The image to the left is a simplified representation of a Roman (male) citizen in early Rome, say BC for convenience. The image to the right is an equivalent representation of a “Roman. ” years later, around the time of the fall of Rome, say around AD.
Notice the numerous dichotomies which have developed, making it increasingly difficult for individuals to find a cohesive unity. There were two major similarities between the Roman Empire and Han Dynasty: the large land areas under their control and the fact that both empires peaked at around the same time in history.
The differences are also fairly evident. Rome expanded its rule over continental Europe, Britain and the Near East, making it a heterogeneous, polyglot empire. In the period circa – C.E., the decline and reconstitution of empires in regions such as the Mediterranean, Middle-East, and East Asia, affected the expansion or decline of .
Comparison between Roman and Han Empires. From Wikiversity. The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Romanum) controlled the Western Mediterranean. The Roman people made unprecedented advances in science and technology, and organized an economy that was hitherto unprecedented in the Mediterranean.
By comparison, in Han .