Roman general and dictator Born: Where did Caesar grow up?
Though some of the most powerful noble families were patrician, patrician blood was no longer a political advantage; it was actually a handicap, since a patrician was debarred from holding the paraconstitutional but powerful office of tribune of the plebs.
The Julii Caesares traced their lineage back to the goddess Venusbut the family was not snobbish or conservative-minded.
It was also not rich or influential or even distinguished. This was a difficult task for even the ablest and most gifted noble unless he was backed by substantial family wealth and influence. One of the perquisites of the praetorship and the consulship was the government of a provincewhich gave ample opportunity for plunder.
Military manpower was supplied by the Roman peasantry. This class had been partly dispossessed by an economic revolution following on the devastation caused by the Second Punic War. The Roman governing class had consequently come to be hated and discredited at home and abroad.
From bce onward there had been a series of alternate revolutionary and counter-revolutionary paroxysms. It was evident that the misgovernment of the Roman state and the Greco-Roman world by the Roman nobility could not continue indefinitely and it was fairly clear that the most probable alternative was some form of military dictatorship backed by dispossessed Italian peasants who had turned to long-term military service.
The traditional competition among members of the Roman nobility for office and the spoils of office was thus threatening to turn into a desperate race for seizing autocratic power.
The Julii Caesares did not seem to be in the running. Whoever had been consul in this critical year would have had to initiate such legislation, whatever his personal political predilections.
There is evidence, however, that the Julii Caesares, though patricians, had already committed themselves to the antinobility party. An aunt of the future dictator had married Gaius Mariusa self-made man novus homo who had forced his way up to the summit by his military ability and had made the momentous innovation of recruiting his armies from the dispossessed peasants.
The day was July 12 or 13; the traditional and perhaps most probable year is bce; but if this date is correct, Caesar must have held each of his offices two years in advance of the legal minimum age.
His father, Gaius Caesar, died when Caesar was but 16; his mother, Aurelia, was a notable woman, and it seems certain that he owed much to her. In spite of the inadequacy of his resources, Caesar seems to have chosen a political career as a matter of course. From the beginning, he probably privately aimed at winning office, not just for the sake of the honours but in order to achieve the power to put the misgoverned Roman state and Greco-Roman world into better order in accordance with ideas of his own.
It is improbable that Caesar deliberately sought monarchical power until after he had crossed the Rubicon in 49 bce, though sufficient power to impose his will, as he was determined to do, proved to mean monarchical power.
In 83 bce Lucius Cornelius Sulla returned to Italy from the East and led the successful counter-revolution of 83—82 bce; Sulla then ordered Caesar to divorce Cornelia. Caesar refused and came close to losing not only his property such as it was but his life as well.
He found it advisable to remove himself from Italy and to do military service, first in the province of Asia and then in Cilicia. His first target, Gnaeus Cornelius Dolabella, was defended by Quintus Hortensiusthe leading advocate of the day, and was acquitted by the extortion-court jury, composed exclusively of senators.
Caesar then went to Rhodes to study oratory under a famous professor, Molon.Julius Caesar was born in Subura, Rome in the year BC. He was born to an aristocratic family that could trace their bloodlines back to the founding of Rome. His . Watch video · Julius Caesar Biography Dictator, General (c.
BCE–44 BCE) Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar turned the . Young Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar was born on July 12, B.C.E. to Gaius Caesar and Aurelia. His father had gained moderate political success and the family claimed a long and noble history, which therefore entitled Caesar's family to certain traditional privileges and offices.
How can the answer be improved?Tell us how. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər /; Latin pronunciation: [ˈɡaː.i.ʊs metin2sell.comʊs metin2sell.com]; 12 or 13 July BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his nomen and cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Julius Caesar: Julius Caesar, celebrated Roman general and statesman, who was assassinated by a group of nobles on the Ides of March.