Overview[ edit ] The city was founded in the early 20th century, and until recently it was a small fishing village. But since the s, it has been continually enlarged by Egyptian and foreign investors to become the leading coastal resort on the Red Sea. Holiday villages and hotels provide aquatic sport facilities for windsurferskitesurfersyachtsmenscuba divers and snorkelers.
Arab Republic of Egypt Previously: The United Arab Republic. The Egyptian Kingdom Orientation Identification. Egypt is the internationally used name but not the name used by the people of the country.
It derives from the Greek Aegyptos, which in turn probably comes from ancient Egyptian words referring to the land Hut-ka-ptah, or "house of the essence [ka] of Ptah," a local god. Western names derive from this, as does the word "Copt" in Arabic, qibt. In Arabic, the name is Misr.
This name is older than the Muslim conquest, but is attested to in the Koran. It can refer to either the whole country or the capital city. The name itself is an icon, spoken, written, or sung. The population of Egypt is relatively homogeneous. The overwhelming majority over 90 percent are Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslims.
About 6 percent are Christians, who are indistinguishable in other respects from the Muslims. Most of the Christians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church, the historic church of Egypt, but minorities within the minority are Catholic or Protestant, or derive from the churches of the Levant Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic.
There are a few small linguistic minorities, of which the largest is the Nubians, who speak two Nubian languages Kenuz and Mahas related to the Nilo-Saharan languages of the Sudan.
They represent less than 1 percent of Egypt's population, and are concentrated around Aswan. Other linguistic minorities include a few thousand Berber speakers in Siwa oasis, the easternmost outpost of Berber speech, and the small population of Beja Ababda and Bisharin in the eastern desert east of Aswan.
All these groups are Muslim. There are also urban linguistic enclaves of Armenians, Greeks, Italians, and others. Another urban enclave was the Jews, now largely emigrated, who spoke either Arabic or various European languages.
The urban minorities were much larger before the middle of the twentieth century. Egypt has an area ofsquare miles 1, square kilometers. The country is separated from its neighbors by either ocean or sparsely populated desert.
To the north is the Mediterranean Sea, and to the east the Red Sea. Egypt is separated from Libya and North Africa by the western desert, from Palestine and Israel by the desert of the Sinai Peninsula, and from the centers of population in the Sudan by desert except along the narrow Nile River.
The highest point is Mount Catherine in the Sinai, at 8, feet 2, meters.
Egypt is the gift of the Nile. Rainfall is not adequate to sustain agriculture or a settled population, and water instead comes from the Nile. After the dam, the Nile continues to flow north in a single channel paralleled by irrigation canals until it reaches Cairo, miles kilometers away.
North of Cairo, the Nile Delta begins. The Nile breaks into two main channels, the western Rosetta branch and the eastern Damietta branch, for the final miles kilometers before the water reaches the Mediterranean.
The two main regions of Egypt Egypt are thus the Valley, or Sa'id, in the south, and the Delta in the north, separated by Cairo at the apex of the Delta.Apr 15, · ★Book a Free Roadmap Session With Me to Get on Track Towards An International Career and Life!
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Hurghada (/ h ər ˈ ɡ æ d ə, -ˈ ɡ ɑː-/; Arabic: الغردقة al-Ġurdaqa, Egyptian Arabic: الغردقة El Ġardaʾa Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [el ɣæɾˈdæʔæ]) is a city in the Red Sea Governorate of metin2sell.com is one of the country's main tourist centres located on the Red Sea coast.
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Exercise increased caution in Egypt due to terrorism. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.
Do not travel to: The Sinai Peninsula (with the exception of travel to Sharm El-Sheikh by air) due to terrorism.; The Western Desert due to terrorism.; Egyptian border areas due to military zones.; Terrorist groups continue plotting attacks in Egypt.
Tours of Egypt, diving, cruises and city breaks Search for cheap flights and hotel deals for your next Sharm el S heikh holidays, relax on the beaches and explore the seas. Look into cheap travel insurance before going on your holiday. Enjoy a nice vacation with a new paddle board or kayak.