A Writer's Conception of Realism. Paris Notebookedited by Michael Fanning. Selected Letters, edited by Charles E. Anderson to Marietta D.
He was a brilliant and original writer of tales.
Anderson had published two novels before Winesburg, Ohio and was to publish five more afterward, but none of these achieved the critical success of his short pieces. The novel form requires a more objective sense of a world outside the individual consciousness as well as the ability to move characters through change and development and to deal to some extent with the effect of character on character.
Even in Poor White, probably his best novel, his characters run to types and become, finally, representative figures in a social allegory. In his worst novels, the characters are caricatures whose absurdity is not perceived by their author. If Anderson had published only Winesburg, Ohio, he would be remembered and ranked as an important minor American novelist.
In his imagination, his defection from material success took on great significance and became not only the common paradigm for his protagonists but also the basis for his message to the modern world. Industrialization and mechanization, money making, advertising, rising in the world, respectability— all of which Anderson himself had hankered after or had sought to encourage in others— became in his fiction the target of criticism.
This is not to accuse him of insincerity, but only to point out the extent of his revulsion and the way in which he made his own personal experience into a mythological history of his region and even of the modern world.
He walks out of the business, abandons his wife, and wanders through the country attempting to find meaning in existence. The setting is Coal Creek, a Pennsylvania mining town. Anderson had given up success in the business world for a precarious career as a writer; he saw himself as a prophet preaching ideals of brotherhood that had nothing to do with political movements or social programs, but that expressed a mystical yearning for order and unity.
The metaphor of the marching men was intended to express this vague ideal. The quest for order and brotherhood was a theme to which Anderson was to return in his next novel, Winesburg, Ohio, where he found the form best suited to its expression. Willard appears in many of the stories, sometimes as a main character, but often as an observer or listener to the tales of other characters.
There is the story of Alice Hindeman, who refuses to elope with Ned Curry because she does not want to burden him and eventually runs naked out into the rain. There is the Reverend Curtis Hartman, who spies through a chink in his study window the naked figure of Kate Swift and ends by having a spiritual insight: Christ manifest in the body of a naked woman.
These minor characters raise an important critical question: What bearing have they on the submerged Bildungsroman? The discovery was one Anderson himself had made in the early years of his newfound freedom in Chicago, following his escape from the paint factory.
Whether such influences were in fact exerted is arguable. What is clear, however, is that Anderson was by temperament an oral storyteller and that he depended upon tone, colloquial language, and folk psychology rather than the more formal structures of the novelist.
In Winesburg, Ohio he was also a poet, working by suggestion and indirection, a method that produces intellectual and narrative gaps that the reader is obliged to cross under his or her own power.
In an introduction to the Viking edition of Winesburg, OhioMalcolm Cowley suggested that the problem of the Winesburg characters was an inability to communicate with one another.Sherwood Anderson and Gertrude Stein: Correspondence and Personal Essays, edited by Ray Lewis White () The "Writer's Book," edited by Martha Mulroy Curry (, unpublished works) France and Sherwood Anderson: Paris Notebook, , edited by Michael Fanning ().
Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Realism and Naturalism Although Anderson wrote “A Death in the Woods” decades after the high point of American realism (generally traced from the Civil War through the turn of the century), the story demonstrates several hallmarks of the movement, whose goal .
A Death in the Woods by: Sherwood Anderson "A Death in the Woods" is a short story collection by Sherwood Anderson that was first published in jag det är du inte att en och har vi på i för han vad med mig som här om dig var den så till kan de ni ska ett men av vill nu ja vet nej bara hon kommer hur min.
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